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来源或作者: 省林草局  发布日期: 2020/11/24 9:08:58  

 

天博体育官网  guojiagongyuan,yi“guojia”zhiming,chengzaizhebaohushengtaixitongdeshiming,zaioumeiyijingzouguojin150niandelicheng。

  suiranzhidao2013nian,zheiyigainiancaikaishizaizhongguo“mengya”。danzaidanghezhengfugaoduzhongshixia,woguoyiyou10chuguojiagongyuantizhishidian,shejiqinghai、jilin、heilongjiang、sichuan、shanxi、gansu、hubei、fujian、zhejiang、hunan、yunnan、hainandeng12gesheng,zongmianjiyue22wanpingfanggongli。

  yinsanjiangyuanguojiagongyuanjiangyujinnianniandizhengshisheli,yincijinnianyebeichengwei“zhongguoguojiagongyuanyuannian”。

  woguoweishenmeyaojiansheguojiagongyuan?muqiandouyounaxieguihuazhongdeguojiagongyuanshidiandanwei?zheipianwenzhangjiangweininzuoxiangxijieda。

 jiansheguojiagongyuanshiwoguoziranbaohuditixibuduanfazhanhewanshandebiranxuanze 

天博体育官网  guojiagongyuanzuoweiyizhongzhongyaodeziranbaohudileixingyijingzouguolejiangjin150niandelicheng。1872nian,shijieshangdiyigeguojiagongyuan——meiguohuangshiguojiagongyuanjianli,tashiziranhuanjingbaohudezhiduxianquzhiyi。

 

huangshiguojiagongyuanneidedalengjingwenquan

  rujin,shijieshangyijingyou200duogeguojiajianlilezijideguojiagongyuan。

天博体育官网  guojiagongyuanzaibutongdeguojiahediqubeifuyubutongdeneihan,biaoxianweifengfudeleixinghetezheng:

  meiguoyiziranyuanyediweitezhengdeguojiagongyuan,feizhouyiyeshengdongwuqixidiweitezhengdeguojiagongyuan,ouzhouyirengongbanziranxiangcunjingguanweitezhengdeguojiagongyuan。

  suiranguojiagongyuantizhigeyi、leixingbutong,dantamenyouzhegongtongtedian,jiushidaibiaoguojiaziranhewenhuahexintezhideyileiziranbaohudi。

 

liushuiqiegexingchengdedaxiagushihuangshiguojiagongyuanneiyidaozhuangkuodefengjing

天博体育官网  guojiagongyuanshishijiebaohudijianlidekaiduan,ziranbaohudileixingzhongdeyizhong,yigeguojiadeziranziyuanhewenhuaziyuandexiangzheng。

  zaiwoguo960wanpingfanggonglideguangmaoguotushang,xuyao“guojiagongyuan”。jianliguojiagongyuan,yiweizhebaohudideguanlimoshihetixizaibuduanwanshan。

  ziranbaohudi,chengzaizhebaohuziranshengtaihejingguandeshiming。guojiagongyuanzuoweiyizhongteshudeziranbaohudileixing,tigongyouqifuwushizhuyaoguanlimubiaozhiyi,tongguofalvheguifanmingqueguojiagongyuandeshengtaibaohuheyouqigongneng,zheishiguojiagongyuanheqitaleixingdeziranbaohudizuizhongyaodequbie。

天博体育官网  guojiagongyuantixidejianlibingbuyiweizheziranhefengjingbaohudejibiejiangdi,ershizaibaohudideguanlimubiaozhongzengjia——weigongzhongtigonglvyou、xiuxianfuwugongneng,weigongzhongtigongxiangshouziranhejieshouziranjiaoyudejihui。

 congwudaoyou guojiagongyuanzaiwoguodefazhanlicheng 

  2020nian,yebeichengzhiwei“zhongguoguojiagongyuanyuannian”。

  jiezhimuqian,woguoyijingjianli10geguojiagongyuantizhishidiandanwei。jinnianniandi,sanjiangyuanguojiagongyuanjijiangzhengshisheyuan。

  2013nian,dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuitichujianliguojiagongyuantizhi,shi“guojiagongyuan”zaiwoguodemengya。

  jinnianlai,zaiguojiadingcengshejidetuidongxia,“guojiagongyuan”gainiandeyibuduanqianghua:

  2017nian9yue,zhonggongzhongyangbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfa《jianliguojiagongyuantizhizongtifangan》,goujianyiguojiagongyuanweidaibiaodeziranbaohuditixi;

  2017nian10yue,dangdeshijiudabaogaotichu,jianliyiguojiagongyuanweizhutideziranbaohuditixi;

天博体育官网  2018nian3yue,zhonggongzhongyang《shenhuadangheguojiajigougaigefangan》zhichu,jiakuaijianliyiguojiagongyuanweizhutideziranbaohuditixi;

  2019nian6yue,zhonggongzhongyangbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfade《tianbotiyuguanwangjianliyiguojiagongyuanweizhutideziranbaohuditixidezhidaoyijian》tichu,jianlifenleikexue、bujuheli、baohuyouli、guanliyouxiaodeyiguojiagongyuanweizhuti、ziranbaohuquweijichu、geleizirangongyuanweibuchongdezhongguoteseziranbaohuditixi。

天博体育官网  2019nian8yue19ri,tianbotiyuguanwangzongshujizhixinzhuhediyijieguojiagongyuanluntankaimu: “zhongguoshixingguojiagongyuantizhi,mudeshibaochiziranshengtaixitongdeyuanzhenxinghewanzhengxing,baohushengwuduoyangxing,baohushengtaianquanpingzhang,jizisunhoudailiuxiazhenguideziranzichan。zheishizhongguotuijinziranshengtaibaohu、jianshemeilizhongguo、cujinrenyuziranhexiegongshengdeyixiangzhongyaojucuo。”

10chuguojiagongyuanshelidejiazhiheyiyi 

  woguodeguojiagongyuanshidiandanwei,baokuo: sanjiangyuanguojiagongyuan、dongbeihubaoguojiagongyuan、qilianshanguojiagongyuan、daxiongmaoguojiagongyuan、hainanredaiyulinguojiagongyuan、wuyishanguojiagongyuan、shennongjiaguojiagongyuan、pudacuoguojiagongyuan、qianjiangyuanguojiagongyuan、nanshanguojiagongyuan10chushidian,sheji12geshengfen,zongmianjichaoguo22wanpingfanggongli,yuezhanwoguoluyuguotumianjide2.3%。

 

  ① sanjiangyuanguojiagongyuan 

  

 

  2016nian,sanjiangyuanguojiagongyuanchengweiwoguoshougeguojiagongyuanshidian,maichuletizhigaigedediyibu。

天博体育官网  sanjiangyuandichuqingzanggaoyuanfudi,shizhangjiang、huanghe、lancangjiangdefayuandi,woguodanshuiziyuandezhongyaobujidi,gaoyuanshengwuduoyangxingzuijizhongdediqu,shiyazhou、beibanqiunaizhiquanqiuqihoubianhuademinganquhezhongyaoqidongqu。

  tateshudediliweizhi、fengfudeziranziyuan、zhongyaodeshengtaigongneng,shiqichengweiwoguoyidaozhongyaodeshengtaianquanpingzhang。

  rujin,sanjiangyuanguojiagongyuanjijiangzhengshisheli。

  yutizhishidianchuqixiangbi,sanjiangyuanguojiagongyuantizhishidianqushuiyuanhanyangliangpingjuntigao6%yishang,caodifugailvtigao11%yishang,chancaoliangtigao30%yishang。

 ② dongbeihubaoguojiagongyuan 

  

   dongbeihubaoguojiagongyuanweiyujilin、heilongjiangliangshengjiaojiedelaoyelingnanbuquyu,dongqijilinshenghunchunlinyejuqinglongtailinchang,yueluosibinhaibianjiangqujierang,xizhijilinshengwangqingxianlinyejunangoulinchang,nanzijilinshenghunchunlinyejujingxinlinchang,beidaoheilongjiangshengdongjingchenglinyejufendoulinchang,zongmianji1.46wanpingfanggongli。qizhong,jilinshengpianquzhan71%,heilongjiangpianquzhan29%。

  zheilishiwoguodongbeihu、dongbeibaozhongqunshuliangzuiduo、huodongzuipinfandedingjuhefanyuquyu,yeshizhongyaodeyeshengdongzhiwufenbuquhebeibanqiuwendaiqushengwuduoyangxingzuifengfudediquzhiyi。

  shelidongbeihubaoguojiagongyuan,shiweileyouxiaobaohuhehuifudongbeihubaoyeshengzhongqun,shixianqizaiwoguojingneiwendingfanyanshengxi;youxiaojiejuedongbeihubaobaohuyurendefazhanzhijiandemaodun,shixianrenyuziranhexiegongsheng。

 ③ qilianshanguojiagongyuan 

  

 

  qilianshanguojiagongyuanweiyuqingzanggaoyuandongbeibu,hengkuagansuheqinghailiangsheng,zongmianji5.02wanpingfanggongli。qilianshanshixibuzhongyaodeshengtaianquanpingzhang,huanghezhongyaodeshuiyuandiheshengwuduoyangxingbaohuquyu。2017nian9yue,zhengfupizhunjiansheqilianshanguojiagongyuan,zhuyaozhizeweibaohuqilianshanshengwuduoyangxingheziranshengtaixitongyuanzhenxing、wanzhengxing。

  ④ daxiongmaoguojiagongyuan 

  

 

  daxiongmaoguojiagongyuankuasichuan、shanxihegansusansheng,shejiminshanpianqu、qionglaishan—daxiaoxianglingpianqu、qinlingpianqu、baishuijiangpianqu,zongmianjiwei27134pingfanggongli。daxiongmaoguojiagongyuandichuquanqiushengwuduoyangxingbaohurediandiqu,yeshiwoguoshengtaianquanzhanlvegeju“liangpingsandai”deguanjianquyu。zheiliyouyeshengdaxiongmao1631zhi,zhanquanguoyeshengdaxiongmaozongliangde87.50%,daxiongmaoqixidimianji18056pingfanggongli,zhanquanguodaxiongmaoqixidimianjide70.08%,youguojiazhongdianbaohuyeshengdongwu116zhong、guojiazhongdianbaohuyeshengzhiwu35zhong。

天博体育官网  ⑤ hainanredaiyulinguojiagongyuan   

  hainanredaiyulinguojiagongyuanweiyuhainandaozhongbushanqu,dongqidiaoluoshanguojiasenlingongyuan,xizhijianfenglingguojiajiziranbaohuqu,nanzibaotingxianmaoganxiang,beizhilimushanshengjiziranbaohuqu,zongmianji4400yupingfanggongli,yuezhanhainandaoluyumianjide1/7。

  hainanredaiyulinshishijieredaiyulindezhongyaozuchengbufen,shiredaiyulinhejifengchanglvkuoyelinjiaocuodaishangweiyide“daluxingdaoyuxing”redaiyulin,shiwoguofenbuzuijizhong、baocunzuiwanhao、lianpianmianjizuidaderedaiyulin,yongyouzhongduohainanteyoudedongzhiwuzhonglei,shiquanqiuzhongyaodezhongzhiziyuanjiyinku,shiwoguoredaishengwuduoyangxingbaohudezhongyaodiqu,yeshiquanqiushengwuduoyangxingbaohuderediandiquzhiyi。

  ⑥ wuyishanguojiagongyuan 

天博体育官网  

天博体育官网  wuyishanguojiagongyuanweiyufujianshengbeibu,zhoubianfenbieyufujianshengwuyishanshixibeibu、jianyangquheshaowushibeibu、guangzexiandongnanbu、jiangxishengqianshanxiannanbupilin。guihuazongmianji1001.41pingfanggongli。

天博体育官网  wuyishanguojiagongyuandimaodute,zhuyaofenbuleqianzhendanxihezhendanxidebianzhiyanxi,zhongshengdaidehuoshanyan、huagangyanhesuixieyan。zaizhongshengdaiwanqi,wuyishanfashengleqiangliedehuoshanpenfahuodong,jizhiweidaguimodehuagangyanqinru,yifaxianzheiliyoufengfudehuoshanjigou,weidianxingdeyazhoudongbuhuantaipingyangdaidegouzaotezheng。baiejiwanqidehongseshaliyanshixingchengdanxiadimaodezhuti。

  zhongshengdaidediqiaoyundongdiandinglewuyishandimaodejibengujia。yanxingduiwuyishandimaofayuyehenmingxian,xibuhaiba1500myishangdeshanfeng,jibenshangyoujianyingdeninghuirongyanheliuwenyangoucheng,dongbuhongseshayeyandiquzewangwangfayuyoujiaokuandegudihependi。wuyishanfengfudedimaoleixingshiliushuiqinshi、fenghuaboshi、zhonglibengtadengzonghezuoyongdejieguo。

 ⑦ shennongjiaguojiagongyuan 

  

天博体育官网   shennongjiaguojiagongyuanshiwoguoteyoushuzhiwuzuifengfudediquzhiyi,yeshishijieshengwuhuohuashijujidihegulao、zhenxi、teyouwuzhongbinansuo,kanchengshengwuduoyangxingwangguo。shennongjiaguojiagongyuantizhishidianquzhengheshennongjiaguojiajiziranbaohuqu、shennongjiaguojiadizhigongyuan、shennongjiadajiuhuguojiashidigongyuan、shennongjiaguojiasenlingongyuansige“guozitou”baohudi,mianji1170pingfanggongli。shennongjiashihubeijingneizhangjiangyuhanshuidefenshuiling、nanshuibeidiaozhongxiangongchengzhongyaodeshuiyuanhanyangdi,yeshisanxiakuquzuidadetianranlvsepingzhang。

  ⑧ pudacuoguojiagongyuan 

 

 

  pudacuoguojiagongyuanweiyudianxibei“sanjiangbingliu”shijieziranyichandezhongxindidai,youguojizhongyaoshidibitahaiziranbaohuquhe“sanjiangbingliu”shijieziranyichanhabapianquzhishudouhujingquliangbufengoucheng,yibitahai、shudouhuhemilitangyagaoshanmuchangweizhuyaozuchengbufen,yeshixianggelilalvyoudezhuyaojingdianzhiyi。pudacuoguojiagongyuanyongyoudizhidimao、huboshidi、senlincaodian、heguxiliu、zhenxidongzhiwudeng,yuanshitianbotiyuguanwangbaocunwanhao。zheilijuxianggelilashichengqu22gongli,zongmianjiyue1313pingfangqianmi。

 ⑨ qianjiangyuanguojiagongyuan 

  

 

天博体育官网  qianjiangyuanguojiagongyuandichuzhejiangshengkaihuaxian,yujiangxishengwuyuanxian、dexingshi,anhuishengxiuningxianxiangpilin,mianjiyue252pingfanggongli,baokuogutianshanguojiajiziranbaohuqu、qianjiangyuanguojiasenlingongyuan、qianjiangyuanshengjifengjingmingshengqudeng3gebaohudi,yijilianjieyishangziranbaohudizhijiandeshengtaiquyu。

  qianjiangyuanguojiagongyuanzhuyaobaohuduixiangshidamianjidihaibazhongyaredaiyuanshichanglvkuoyelin。zoujinqianjiangyuanguojiagongyuan,fangfozoujinleyigejudadeshengwujiyinku。zheilibaocunzhequanqiuxiyoudezhongyaredaidihaibadianxingdeyuanshengchanglvkuoyelindidaixingzhibei,quanyugongyougaodengzhiwu2062zhong,niaolei237zhong,shoulei58zhong,liangqileidongwu26zhong,paxingleidongwu51zhong,kunchong1156zhong,qizhongzhenxibinweizhiwu61zhong,zhongguoteyoushu14ge。

天博体育官网  ⑩ nanshanguojiagongyuan 

 

 

天博体育官网  nanshanguojiagongyuanshinanlingshanmaidedianfengquyu,chuzainanlingshanmaiyuxuefengshanmaijiaohuididai,shiwoguonanbeizongxiangshanmaiyudongxihengxiangshanmaidejiaohuishuniu。zheilidichu“dongya—aodalixiya”houniaoqianxitongdaoshang。nanshanguojiagongyuanhangailewoguozhongnanbushandiquanbushengtaileixing,shi“shanshuilintianhucao”shengminggongtongtidedianxingdaibiao,shizhangjiangliuyuyuanjiangshuixihezishuishuixi、zhujiangliuyuxijiangshuixiyuantoujisandashuixidefenshuiling,yeshizhongyaodeshuiyuanhanyangdi。

天博体育官网  guojiagongyuandeshelibingbujinjinshiweileyinruguojimoshilaijianshebaohudi,gengzhongyaodeshiyaoshijianyizhidubaozhangshengtaiwenmingjianshedemubiao,tongguoguojiagongyuandeshelilailuoshi2011nianguowuyuanchutaide《quanguozhutigongnengquguihua》,huadingshengtaibaohuhongxian,zhongxinzhenghehequeliwoguodeziranbaohutixi,wanshanwoguodeziranbaohuguanlitizhi。

天博体育官网  guojiagongyuanbingfeishijigebaohudi,ershiyigewanzhengdeguojiagongyuantixi。zheiyitixidequeliduiyubaohudishiye、guojiajingjifazhan、shehuizhixuwendingheguominshenghuojiankangdouyouzhezhongyaodejiazhiheyiyi。


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